Effects of electromagnetic radiation from cell phone usage on various human systems



Image source:
Makker, K., Varghese, A., Desai, N. R., Mouradi, R., & Agarwal, A. (2009). Cell phones: Modern man’s nemesis? Reproductive BioMedicine Online. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1472-6483(10)60437-3

“Fine print may protect manufacturers legally. Let’s protect consumers in reality: Put the cell phone safety warnings up front, where we can see them.”

http://showthefineprint.org
Protect yourself: http://showthefineprint.org/protect-yourself

Naval Medical Research Institute Report on biological phenomena associated with microwave and radio-frequency radiation
Cell Phone 'Poisoning' - An overview

Further References

Makker, K., Varghese, A., Desai, N. R., Mouradi, R., & Agarwal, A.. (2009). Cell phones: Modern man’s nemesis?. Reproductive BioMedicine Online

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/S1472-6483(10)60437-3
DOI URL
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Nittby, H., Grafström, G., Tian, D. P., Malmgren, L., Brun, A., Persson, B. R. R., … Eberhardt, J.. (2008). Cognitive impairment in rats after long-term exposure to GSM-900 mobile phone radiation. Bioelectromagnetics

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1002/bem.20386
DOI URL
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Megha, K., Deshmukh, P. S., Banerjee, B. D., Tripathi, A. K., & Abegaonkar, M. P.. (2012). Microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, cognitive impairment and inflammation in brain of Fischer rats. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1109/GSIS.2011.6044119
DOI URL
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Krause, C., Björnberg, C., Pesonen, M., Hulten, A., Liesivuori, T., Koivisto, M., … Hämäläinen, H.. (2006). Mobile phone effects on children’s event-related oscillatory EEG during an auditory memory task. International Journal of Radiation Biology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1080/09553000600840922
DOI URL
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Mortazavi, S. A. R., Tavakkoli-Golpayegani, A., Haghani, M., & Mortazavi, S. M. J.. (2014). Looking at the other side of the coin: The search for possible biopositive cognitive effects of the exposure to 900 MHz GSM mobile phone radiofrequency radiation. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1186/2052-336X-12-75
DOI URL
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Guo, J., Wang, X. W., Sheng, J., & Tang, J. T.. (2009). Biological effects of electromagnetic radiation on the nervous system. Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research

Plain numerical DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8225.2009.30.031
DOI URL
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Tang, J., Zhang, Y., Yang, L., Chen, Q., Tan, L., Zuo, S., … Zhu, G.. (2015). Exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic fields activates the mkp-1/ERK pathway and causes blood-brain barrier damage and cognitive impairment in rats. Brain Research

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.019
DOI URL
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Fragopoulou, A. F., Miltiadous, P., Stamatakis, A., Stylianopoulou, F., Koussoulakos, S. L., & Margaritis, L. H.. (2010). Whole body exposure with GSM 900MHz affects spatial memory in mice. Pathophysiology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.pathophys.2009.11.002
DOI URL
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Schoeni, A., Roser, K., & Röösli, M.. (2015). Memory performance, wireless communication and exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields: A prospective cohort study in adolescents. Environment International

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2015.09.025
DOI URL
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Gursatej Gandhi, A.. (2005). Genetic damage in mobile phone users: some preliminary findings. Indian Journal of Human Genetics

Plain numerical DOI: 10.4103/0971-6866.16810
DOI URL
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Caraglia, M., Marra, M., Mancinelli, F., D’Ambrosio, G., Massa, R., Giordano, A., … Bismuto, E.. (2005). Electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency induce apoptosis and inactivation of the multi-chaperone complex in human epidermoid cancer cells. Journal of Cellular Physiology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1002/jcp.20327
DOI URL
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Shahin, S., Mishra, V., Singh, S. P., & Chaturvedi, C. M.. (2014). 2.45-GHz microwave irradiation adversely affects reproductive function in male mouse, Mus musculus by inducing oxidative and nitrosative stress. Free Radical Research

Plain numerical DOI: 10.3109/10715762.2014.888717
DOI URL
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Ertilav, K., Uslusoy, F., Ataizi, S., & Nazıroğlu, M.. (2018). Long term exposure to cell phone frequencies (900 and 1800 MHz) induces apoptosis, mitochondrial oxidative stress and TRPV1 channel activation in the hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats. Metabolic Brain Disease

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1007/s11011-017-0180-4
DOI URL
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Diem, E., Schwarz, C., Adlkofer, F., Jahn, O., & Rüdiger, H.. (2005). Non-thermal DNA breakage by mobile-phone radiation (1800 MHz) in human fibroblasts and in transformed GFSH-R17 rat granulosa cells in vitro. Mutation Research – Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2005.03.006
DOI URL
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De Iuliis, G. N., Newey, R. J., King, B. V., & Aitken, R. J.. (2009). Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro. PLoS ONE

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006446
DOI URL
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Leszczynski, D., Joenväärä, S., Reivinen, J., & Kuokka, R.. (2002). Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: Molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects. Differentiation

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1046/j.1432-0436.2002.700207.x
DOI URL
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Leszczynski, D., Joenväärä, S., Reivinen, J., & Kuokka, R.. (2002). Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: Molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects. Differentiation

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1046/j.1432-0436.2002.700207.x
DOI URL
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Kesari, K. K., Meena, R., Nirala, J., Kumar, J., & Verma, H. N.. (2014). Effect of 3G Cell Phone Exposure with Computer Controlled 2-D Stepper Motor on Non-thermal Activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK Stress Pathway in Rat Brain. Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1007/s12013-013-9715-4
DOI URL
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Kesari, K. K., Siddiqui, M. H., Meena, R., Verma, H. N., & Kumar, S.. (2013). Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2007.12.004
DOI URL
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Lai, H., & Hardell, L.. (2011). Cell phone radiofrequency radiation exposure and brain glucose metabolism. JAMA – Journal of the American Medical Association

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1001/jama.2011.201
DOI URL
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Aly, A. A., Deris, S. Bin, & Zaki, N.. (2008). Research review on the biological effect of cell phone radiation on human. In 2008 International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology, IIT 2008

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1109/INNOVATIONS.2008.4781774
DOI URL
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Yakymenko, I., & Sidorik, E.. (2010). Risks of carcinogenesis from electromagnetic radiation of mobile telephony devices. Experimental Oncology

Plain numerical DOI: 45/835 [pii]
DOI URL
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Hossmann, K. A., & Hermann, D. M.. (2003). Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation of Mobile Phones on the Central Nervous System. Bioelectromagnetics

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1002/bem.10068
DOI URL
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Panagopoulos, D. J., Chavdoula, E. D., Nezis, I. P., & Margaritis, L. H.. (2007). Cell death induced by GSM 900-MHz and DCS 1800-MHz mobile telephony radiation. Mutation Research – Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2006.08.008
DOI URL
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Typography & processing fluency

Typeface matters. The ease of information processing effect the way the percipient evaluates information. Therefore, typography is of crucial importance for effective webdesign.

Processing fluency is the ease with which information is processed. Perceptual fluency is the ease of processing stimuli based on manipulations to perceptual quality. Retrieval fluency is the ease with which information can be retrieved from memory.

Source URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Processing_fluency


References

Reber, R., Schwarz, N., & Winkielman, P.. (2004). Processing Fluency and Aesthetic Pleasure: Is Beauty in the Perceiver’s Processing Experience?. Personality and Social Psychology Review

, 8(4), 364–382.
Plain numerical DOI: 10.1207/s15327957pspr0804_3
DOI URL
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Lee, A. Y., & Labroo, A. A.. (2003). The Effect of Conceptual and Perceptual Fluency on Brand Evaluation. SSRN Electronic Journal

Plain numerical DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.967768
DOI URL
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Shen, H., Jiang, Y., & Adaval, R.. (2010). Contrast and Assimilation Effects of Processing Fluency. Journal of Consumer Research

, 36(5), 876–889.
Plain numerical DOI: 10.1086/612425
DOI URL
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Face recognition software

A facial recognition system is a computer application capable of identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source. One of the ways to do this is by comparing selected facial features from the image and a face database.


https://github.com/wesbos/HTML5-Face-Detection

Cybernetics and webdesign

Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems—their structures, constraints, and possibilities. Norbert Wiener defined cybernetics in 1948 as “the scientific study of control and communication in the animal and the machine.” In other words, it is the scientific study of how humans, animals and machines control and communicate with each other.

Cybernetics is applicable when a system being analyzed incorporates a closed signaling loop—originally referred to as a “circular causal” relationship—that is, where action by the system generates some change in its environment and that change is reflected in the system in some manner (feedback) that triggers a system change. Cybernetics is relevant to, for example, mechanical, physical, biological, cognitive, and social systems. The essential goal of the broad field of cybernetics is to understand and define the functions and processes of systems that have goals and that participate in circular, causal chains that move from action to sensing to comparison with desired goal, and again to action. Its focus is how anything (digital, mechanical or biological) processes information, reacts to information, and changes or can be changed to better accomplish the first two tasks. Cybernetics includes the study of feedback, black boxes and derived concepts such as communication and control in living organisms, machines and organizations including self-organization.

Bistable perception and perceptual-shifts

Visit www.qbism.art for an art/science web-project which focuses on bistable perception from a quantum cognition perspective.

References

Baker, D. H., Karapanagiotidis, T., Coggan, D. D., Wailes-Newson, K., & Smallwood, J.. (2015). Brain networks underlying bistable perception. NeuroImage, 119, 229–234.

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.06.053
DOI URL
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